The vistas in Palo Duro canyon are nothing short of stunning. This is due to the almost ethereal light which illuminates this natural treasure. World famous painter, Georgia O’Keeffe, who lived in the Amarillo and Canyon areas of the Texas Panhandle in the early 20th century wrote of the canyon, “It is a burning, seething cauldron, filled with dramatic light and color.”
While native Americans had inhabited the canyon for centuries, the Spanish explorers who came much later first called the area “Palo Duro,” which translates to “hard wood.” The canyon was formed by erosion from the Prairie Dog Town Fork of the Red River as the water moved sediment downstream. Over time, the wind and water gradually widened the canyon. It is now the second largest canyon in the United States, following the Grand Canyon.